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Vitex megapotamicus can be found in Uruguay, in the Cerro Largo and Tacuarembó departments and Southern Brazil. It is an unarmed shrub; 4-5 m tall with quadrangular young branchlets. Its persistent foliage is made up of opposite leaves, 4-14 cm long, with long elliptical petioles, somewhat coriaceous and entire or scarcely dentate margins. Flowers are lilaceous, arranged in 3-15 axillary cymes and almost 5-6 cm long. They have a campanulate, pubescent calyx; 2-3 mm long, a 1-cm long corolla with a wide tube and a bilabiate limb; which is darker and more colorful in the lower lip. The fruit is an obovate drupe, 1 cm in diameter; black and shiny when ripe. It blooms in late spring and fructifies in November. Propagation is achieved through seeds. Due to several recent phylogenetic studies, the genus Vitex which was primarily included in the Verbenaceae family has now been transferred to the Lamiaceae family (whose original family name was in turn, Labiatae, so given because the flowers typically have petals fused into an upper lip and a lower lip).
El Tarumán sin espinas o Vitex megapotamicus puede ser hallado en Uruguay, en los departamentos de Cerro Largo y Salto y el sur de Brasil. Se trata de un arbusto inerme; de 4-5 m de alto con ramillas jóvenes cuadrangulares. Su follage persistente está compuesto de hojas opuestas con un tamaño de 4-14 cm, con pecíolos largos y elípticos, algo coriáceos y bordes enteros o apenas dentados. Las flores son lilacinas, distribuídas en cimas axilares de 5-6 cm de largo con 3-15 flores. Poseen un cálice campanulado y pubescente; de 2-3 mm y una corola de alrededor de 1 cm, con un tubo amplio y limbo bilabiado; siendo más oscuro y colorido el labio inferior. El fruto es una drupa oval, de 1 cm de diámetro, negro y brillante cuando se halla madura. Florece en la primavera tardía y fructifica en Noviembre. La propagación se logra mediante semillas. Debido a estudios filogenéticos recientes, el género Vitex que anteriormente pertenecía la familia de las Verbenáceas ha sido actualmente transferido al de las Lamiáceas (cuyo nombre original era a su vez Labiatae; llamado así porque las flores cuentan típicamente con pétalos fundidos a un labio superior y otro inferior).

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